Apparato locomotore 23: Ossa dell'Anca
Victorian government portal for older people, with information about government and community services and programs. Type a minimum of three characters then press UP or DOWN on the keyboard to navigate the autocompleted search results. It occurs when bones lose minerals such as calcium more quickly than the body can replace them.
They become less dense, lose strength and break more easily. Osteoporosis particularly affects women in their middle and later years, although some men are also affected. If you have osteoporosis, lifestyle changes sacrum osteoporosi dellanca medical treatment can prevent further bone loss and reduce your sacrum osteoporosi dellanca of bone fractures.
Bone is formed by specialised cells. Like the rest of the body, bone is constantly being broken down and renewed. It is living tissue that needs exercise to gain strength, just like muscle. In the early years of life, more bone is made than is broken down, resulting in bone growth. By sacrum osteoporosi dellanca end of your teens, bone growth has been completed and by about 25 to 30 years of age, peak bone mass is achieved.
Sex hormones, such as oestrogen and testosterone, sacrum osteoporosi dellanca a fundamental role in maintaining bone strength in men and women. The fall in oestrogen that occurs during menopause results in accelerated bone loss. During the first five years sacrum osteoporosi dellanca menopause, the average woman loses up to 10 per cent of her total body bone mass.
This hump is caused when spinal fractures are compressed due to the force of gravity, resulting in an abnormal bending forward of the spine called kyphosis. Osteoporosis causes no specific pain or symptoms. However, it does increase the risk of serious or debilitating fractures.
If you think you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis, see your doctor. Currently, the most reliable way to diagnose osteoporosis is to measure bone density with a dual-energy absorptiometry scan or DXA. A DXA scan is a short, painless scan that measures the density of your bones, usually at the hip and spine and, in some cases, the forearm. You can qualify for a Medicare rebate for a DXA scan if you:. Your doctor will be able to tell you whether you fit the criteria to receive a Medicare rebate.
It is possible to have a DXA scan sacrum osteoporosi dellanca if you do not fit the criteria for the Medicare rebate, however, there will usually be sacrum osteoporosi dellanca out-of-pocket cost associated with the scan. There are many risk factors for osteoporosis, some of which you cannot change, such as being female, and having a direct relative who has had an osteoporotic fracture.
Other risk factors include:. From a young age, both men and women can take steps to prevent osteoporosis by making sure that they:. Enjoying a healthy, balanced sacrum osteoporosi dellanca with a variety of foods and an adequate intake of calcium is a vital step to building and maintaining strong, healthy bones. If there is not enough calcium in the blood, your body will take calcium from your sacrum osteoporosi dellanca. Making sure you have enough calcium in your diet is an important way to preserve your bone density.
It is recommended that sacrum osteoporosi dellanca average Australian adult consumes 1, mg of calcium per day. Postmenopausal women and men aged over 70 years are recommended to have 1, mg of calcium per day. Children, depending on their age, will need up to 1, mg of calcium per day.
Dairy foods have the highest levels of calcium, but there are many other sources of calcium, including sardines, spinach and almonds. If you are unable to get enough calcium from your diet alone, you may need to talk to a health professional about calcium supplements. Vitamin D and calcium promote bone sacrum osteoporosi dellanca. Vitamin D is important because it helps your body absorb the calcium in your diet.
We obtain most of our vitamin D from the sun, and there are recommendations for the amount of safe sun exposure for sufficient sacrum osteoporosi dellanca D productionsacrum osteoporosi dellanca on your skin type, geographical location in Australia and the season. Vitamin D can also be found in small quantities in foods such as:.
For most people, it is unlikely that adequate quantities of vitamin D will be obtained through diet alone. Talk with your health professional about vitamin D supplements if you are concerned that you are not getting enough vitamin D. Weight-bearing exercise encourages bone density and improves balance so falls are reduced. It does not treat established osteoporosis.
Consult your doctor before starting a new exercise programespecially if you have been sedentary, are over 75 years of age or have a medical condition.
Sacrum osteoporosi dellanca recommendations include:. If you have osteoporosis, the strategies listed to prevent osteoporosis will help to manage the condition, but you may also need to consider:. If you have osteoporosis, the risk of a fracture break with high-intensity exercise and poorly performed strength training can outweigh the bone-building benefits of these exercises.
The best approach is to have an exercise program put together specifically for you by a physiotherapist or exercise physiologist. The program may include:. A third of people aged over 65 years fall every year and six per cent of those falls lead to a fracture.
Reducing the risk of falls is important. Be guided by your doctor, but general recommendations include:. There is no standard treatment for osteoporosis. Your treatment will depend on your specific needs.
Generally, your overall risk sacrum osteoporosi dellanca fracture will help your doctor to decide on the best course of treatment for you. As well as diet and lifestyle changes, your doctor may recommend medication. The options may include:. It is important to note that all medications have potential side effects. If you have osteoporosis, it is never too late to seek treatment, as age is one of the main risk factors for osteoporosis and breaks. Treatment can halt bone loss and significantly reduce the risk of fractures.
It is important that your doctor excludes other medical conditions that can cause osteoporosis, including vitamin D deficiency. The following content is displayed as Tabs. Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. The activated link is defined as Active Tab. Bone marrow sacrum osteoporosi dellanca the spongy tissue in the hollow centres of a person?
The right footwear can help keep your feet healthy, make your physical activity easier and help sacrum osteoporosi dellanca your body safe from injury Some athletes and bodybuilders wrongly believe that taking synthetic growth hormone will help build up their muscles A balanced UV approach is required to ensure some sun exposure for vitamin D while minimising the risk of skin cancer Exercise can prevent age-related changes to muscles, bones and joints and sacrum osteoporosi dellanca reverse these changes too If you don't have enough calcium in your diet, your bones will eventually become weak and brittle Bad habits sacrum osteoporosi dellanca as slouching and inactivity cause muscle fatigue and tension that ultimately lead to poor posture A balanced approach to sunlight exposure will help you get enough vitamin D while protecting against skin cancer Acromegaly is caused by an excess of growth hormone in adults, which causes the overgrowth of bones in the face, hands, feet and internal organs A person with amyloidosis produces aggregates of insoluble protein that cannot be eliminated from the body Bone cancer is a rare form of cancer that is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or hormone therapy Most children and many adults with acute leukaemia can expect to be cured, while chronic leukaemia can be successfully managed The severity of symptoms or how a child with McCune-Albright syndrome will be affected throughout life is difficult to predict Paget's disease of bone is a chronic condition that causes abnormal enlargement and weakening of bone Treacher Collins syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects growth and development of the head, causing facial defects and hearing loss Regular weight-bearing exercise and maintaining a diet rich in calcium from childhood will help reduce bone loss at menopause A healthy, calcium-rich diet and regular physical activity throughout life can help prevent osteoporosis Exercise can reduce the risk of fractures resulting from osteoporosis by both slowing the rate of bone loss, and reducing the person?
Up to 25 per cent of all fractures that occur in people with osteoporosis sacrum osteoporosi dellanca osteopenia, occur in men The majority of people with Bell's palsy, around 90 per cent, will recover sacrum osteoporosi dellanca with time If you have a child with a disability you can help improve their communication and movement by encouraging them to take part in daily activities People affected by muscular dystrophy have different degrees of independence, mobility and carer needs It is important to get the correct treatment for a sprain or strain as soon as possible after the injury to help you recover quickly Ankle sprain is a common sports injuries sacrum osteoporosi dellanca by overstretching and tearing the supporting ligaments Ankylosing sacrum osteoporosi dellanca AS is a type of inflammatory arthritis that targets the joints of the spine People can manage their arthritis using medication, physiotherapy, exercise and self management techniques Baker's cysts of the knee don't always require active treatment and sometimes will only require observation by the treating doctor Bursitis is often caused by overuse and the inflammation will continue unless the particular activity or movement is stopped Around 95 per cent of babies born with developmental dysplasia of the hip can be successfully treated Sacrum osteoporosi dellanca hip joint is complicated to allow a wide range of motion while still supporting the weight of the body Mild knee injuries may heal by themselves, but all injuries should be checked and diagnosed by a doctor or physiotherapist Most children with Perthes' disease eventually recover, but it can take anywhere from two to five years Reactive arthritis is a form of arthritis that occurs as a result of some bacterial infections A child learning to walk receives important sensory information from the soles of their feet, and shoes can make walking more difficult A ganglion cyst is the most common lump on the hand, and tends to target women between the ages of 20 and 40 years of age Dupuytren's contracture gradually causes clawing of the fingers as they are pulled towards the palm