Cou, articulation atlanto-occipitale
Magistrates' Court. The current independence movement emerged after the —15 Hong Kong electoral reform which deeply divided the territory, as it allowed Hongkongers to have universal suffrage conditional upon Beijing having the authority to screen prospective candidates for the Chief Executive of Hong Kong CEthe highest-ranking official of the territory.
It sparked the day massive occupation protests dubbed as the " Umbrella Revolution ". After the Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale, many new political groups advocating for independence or self-determination were established as they deemed the " One Country, Two Systems " principle to have failed.
Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale were few advocates for decolonisation of Hong Kong from the British Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale during the post-war period, notably Ma Man-fai and the Democratic Self-Government Party of Hong Kong in the s but the fruitless movement ceased to exist without substantial support.
In the last years of the s into the early s, the question of Hong Kong sovereignty emerged on Hong Kong's political scene as the end of the New Territories lease was approaching. Although there were advocates for Hong Kong independence, the majority of the Hong Kong population, many of whom were political, economic or war refugees from the Chinese Civil War and the Communist regime on the mainland China, wished to maintain the status quo. From toHong Kong saw an exodus of emigrants to overseas countries, especially in the wake of the Tiananmen Square crackdownwhich more than a million Hongkongers showed up on the streets to support to student Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale in Beijing.
The Tiananmen massacre of strengthened anti-Beijing sentiments and also led to the emergence of the local democracy movement, which demanded a faster pace of democratisation before and after The pro-democracy campone of the two largest political alignments in the territory, has called for the early implementation of the universal suffrage since the s.
SinceBeijing's growing encroachment has Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale Hong Kong to become increasingly integrated as part of China. Hong Kong's freedoms and core values were perceived to have been eroded as a result. Inthe government's plan to carry out moral and national education sparked controversy as it was accused of praising the Communist Party of China and Chinese nationalist ideology while condemning democracy and "western values".
Inthere was an emergence of localist sentimentsof which some took the anti-immigration nativist stance, fearing mainland Chinese new immigrantstourists and parallel Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale would threaten the established institutions and social customs of Hong Kong. Chin Wan 's On the Hong Kong City-Statepublished inarguing for a "localist" perspective and to abandon the "Chinese nationalist sentiment", triggered fierce public debate and was popular among the young generation.
Many of them also promoted nostalgic sentiments for British rule and waved colonial flags at public assemblies. Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying used his New Year's policy address to direct harsh criticism at the magazine for promoting Hong Kong independence, which in fact had little traction up to that point, fanning both the debate and sales of the book Hong Kong Nationalism which featured the articles.
On 31 Augustthe Standing Committee of the National People's Congress NPCSC set restriction on the electoral method of the Chief Executivein which any candidate should be screened through by a Beijing-controlled nominating committee before standing in the election. The failure of the campaign for a free and genuine democratic process strengthened the pro-independence discourse, as it was viewed as a failure of the "One Country, Two Systems" and an independent state would be the only way out.
Localist political groups led by youngsters mushroomed after the protests. As some of them such as Youngspiration took the parliamentary path by participating in the District Council electionsother such as Hong Kong Indigenous took the "street action" by targeting the mainland tourists and parallel traders with a militant style of protesting.
On 8 February during the Chinese New Year holidays, the Mong Kok civil unrest broke out between police and protesters following the government's crackdown on unlicensed street hawkers. Batons and pepper spray were used by the police and two warning shots were fired into the air, while protesters threw glass bottles, bricks, flower pots and trash bins toward the police and set fires in the streets.
The main participant in the event, Hong Kong Indigenous, a political group with pro-independence tendencies, was branded by Director of the Chinese Liaison Office in Hong Kong Zhang Xiaoming as "radical separatists" who were "inclined toward terrorism. After the result, Leung claimed localism had gained Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale foothold as the third most important power in local politics, standing side by side with the pan-democracy and pro-Beijing camps.
The State Council's Hong Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale and Macau Affairs Office issued a statement condemning the party, saying it "has harmed the country's sovereignty, security, endangered the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong, and the core interests of Hong Kong The SAR Government will take action according to the law.
Due to its advocacy for "referendum", the Company Registry and police delayed their registration as a company or society. The Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale was also unable to set up its own bank account to raise funds. It demands a democratic government be set up after and for the public to draw up the Hong Kong constitution. It also denounces the Hong Kong government for becoming a "puppet" of the Communist regime, "weakening" the territory's autonomy.
Leung Chun-ying dismissed the claim, insisting that "Hong Kong has been a part of China since ancient times, and this is a fact that will not change after On 5 August, the Hong Kong pro-independence activists launched a Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale which was dubbed "first pro-independence rally in Hong Kong" and drew about 2, people. On 12 October the inaugural meeting of the Legislative Council, two Youngspiration legislators Baggio Leung and Yau Wai-ching took the oaths of office as an opportunity to make pro-independence statements.
Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale two claimed that "As a member of the Legislative Council, I shall pay earnest efforts in keeping guard over the interests of the Hong Kong nation," displayed a "Hong Kong is not China" banner, inserted their own words into the oaths and mispronounced "People's Republic of Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale as "people's re-fucking of Chee-na ".
The spokesman of the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office stated that "[Beijing] will absolutely neither permit anyone advocating secession in Hong Kong nor allow any pro-independence activists to enter a Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale institution. On 14 Julythe four legislators were unseated by the court. On 4 Septemberthe Hong Kong independence issue made a high-profile reappearance as the banners calling for independence surfaced at the Chinese University of Hong Kong CUHK overnight ahead of the new academic year.
The school staff quickly removed them. Quarrels and confrontation between some local and mainland students broke out as a number of mainland Chinese students grouped themselves to tear down the posters advocating Hong Kong independence on the CUHK campus's "democracy wall".
The action of the mainland students was praised by the Chinese Communist Youth League which shared the video on its official WeChat account. On 11 September, Chief Executive Carrie Lam denounced the pro-independence banners and posters, asserting the students' message ran counter to the "one country, two systems" principle and the Basic Law, "I condemn the continued appearance of such remarks on university campuses, which is in violation of our Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale sovereignty, territorial integrity and development interests," she said.
She also insisted academic freedom and university autonomy were Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale excuse for propagating fallacies. In the November by-electionLau Siu-laiousted pro-democracy legislator in the oath-taking controversy was barred from entering the race by Returning Officer Franco Kwok Wai-fun on the basis of Lau previous advocacy of Hong Kong's self-determination, which showed she had no intention of upholding the Basic Law and Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale allegiance to Hong Kong as a special administrative region of China.
Victor Mallet, Vice-chairman of the press organisation, chaired the session. In the absence of an official explanation, Mallet's visa rejection was widely seen to be retribution for his Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale in chairing the Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale Chan talk which the FCC refused to call off.
Youngspiration calls for the right Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale self-determination Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale the "Hong Kong nation" on their Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale. Localist activist group Civic Passion has expressed its support for Hong Kong independence before, but later called for the amendment of the Basic Law of Hong Kong through a civil referendum in the Legislative Council election. The Chinese government firmly opposes Hong Kong independence.
Former Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping opposed British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 's alternative proposals during the Sino-British negotiation in the early s as he believed she "wanted to turn Hong Kong into some kind of an independent or semi-independent political entity". After the establishment of the Hong Kong National Party in Marchan editorial piece in the Chinese government-owned Global Times slammed the Hong Kong National Party by stating that it is "impossible to achieve" independence for Hong Kong and calling it "a practical joke" and "forefront of extremism".
It is firmly opposed by all Chinese people, including some seven million Hong Kong people. The Hong Kong government issued a statement after the formation of the Hong Kong National Party, stating that "any suggestion that Hong Kong should be independent or any movement to advocate such 'independence' is against the Basic Law, and will undermine the stability and prosperity of Hong Kong and impair the interest of the general public… The SAR Government will take action according to the law.
The mainstream pan-democracy camp sympathised with the pro-independence cause but generally opposes Hong Kong independence as they do not think it would be beneficial to Hong Kong, nor practical or achievable. Although politicians and scholars like Chin WanWong Yuk-man and Civic Passion 's Wong Yeung-tat are seen as leading localist figures and have been close to the Hong Kong independence movement and even had advocated "nation building", they have also cut clear that they do not support Hong Kong independence during in the midst of the Hong Kong LegCo candidates' disqualification Movimento in joint Atlanta-occipitale.
They claim they fight for an amendment of the Basic Law through civil referendum to maintain Hong Kong's autonomy similar to that of Greenland 's.
The last British colonial governor Chris Patten opposes Hong Kong independence, worrying such activists would "dilute support" for democracy in Hong Kong: "[i]t would be dishonest, dishonourable and reckless of somebody like me, to pretend that the case for democracy should be mixed up with an argument about the independence of Hong Kong — something which is not going to happen, something which dilutes support for democracy, and something which has led to all sorts of antics which should not take place in a mature society aiming to be a full democracy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Hong Kong Independence. Not to be confused with Hong Kong Autonomy Movement. Foreign relations. Culture Economy Education Geography History. See also: History of Hong Kong. Main article: Victor Mallet ban controversy. Retrieved 18 August Hong Kong Free Press. The Hong Kong Story. Oxford University Press. Old Hong Kong. Volume II: — 5th ed. FormAsia Books. Global Times. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 31 August University of Hong kong Press.
The Guardian. Retrieved 18 April Time Out Group. Archived from the original on 4 March Hong Kong University Press. The Asia-Pacific Journal. Taipei Times. USA Today. Bloomberg Business. South China Morning Post. The Standard. Retrieved 27 January Deutsche Welle. AP, Reuters. Apple Daily. Archived from the original on 20 January Supporting the police to restrain the tolerance. Stand News. Ming Pao. The Economist. Retrieved 25 October Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 23 December Hong Kong.